FAQ about Catholicism


I found this at another blog.  The guy is sincere in his questions.  I wanted to take each one and explain what Catholics really believe.  Here’s the entire blog post:

Peter and the Papacy

Where in the Bible do we find Peter assuming and exercising the role of a Catholic pope?
Where does the Bible say the early churches treated Peter in a papal fashion?
Where does the Bible say that one man is the head of all churches?

The Priesthood

Where does Bible say God established a special priesthood for the churches that is separate from the priesthood of the believers?
Where does the Bible describe the office of such priests in the early churches?
Where does the Bible say that New Testament priests are ordained after the order of Melchizedek?

Marian Dogma

Where in the Bible do we find anyone praying to Mary or to any other person other than God?
Where does the Bible call Mary the Mother of God?
Where does the Bible say that Mary is the Queen of Heaven?
Where in the Bible do we find the teaching that Mary is sinless?

Baptism/Confirmation 

Where in the Bible do we find the baptism of an infant who is too young to believe in Christ?
Where in the Bible do we find the churches practicing the sacrament of confirmation?
Where in the Bible do we find even one example of a Catholic mass being conducted or even described? If Christ established the mass and if it is central to the Christian faith as Rome claims, why is there not one example of it in the book of Acts and the New Testament epistles?

Apostolic Succession

Where does the Bible say the apostles passed on their authority through a succession?
Where does the Bible give standards for apostolic succession? There are standards for pastors and deacons, but where are the standards for an ongoing apostleship?

Where in the Bible do we find a requirement that pastors be celibate?

Exodus Chapter 19
15: And he said to the people, “Be ready by the third day; do not go near a woman.”
1 Samuel Chapter 21
4: And the priest answered David, “I have no common bread at hand, but there is holy bread; if only the young men have kept themselves from women.” 5: And David answered the priest, “Of a truth women have been kept from us as always when I go on an expedition; the vessels of the young men are holy, even when it is a common journey; how much more today will their vessels be holy?”
Jeremiah Chapter 16
1: The word of the LORD came to me: 2: “You shall not take a wife, nor shall you have sons or daughters in this place.
Matthew Chapter 19
12: For there are eunuchs who have been so from birth, and there are eunuchs who have been made eunuchs by men, and there are eunuchs who have made themselves eunuchs for the sake of the kingdom of heaven. He who is able to receive this, let him receive it.”
1 Corinthians Chapter 7
32: I want you to be free from anxieties. The unmarried man is anxious about the affairs of the Lord, how to please the Lord; 33: but the married man is anxious about worldly affairs, how to please his wife, 34: and his interests are divided. And the unmarried woman or girl is anxious about the affairs of the Lord, how to be holy in body and spirit; but the married woman is anxious about worldly affairs, how to please her husband. 35: I say this for your own benefit, not to lay any restraint upon you, but to promote good order and to secure your undivided devotion to the Lord.
37: But whoever is firmly established in his heart, being under no necessity but having his desire under control, and has determined this in his heart, to keep her as his betrothed, he will do well. 38: So that he who marries his betrothed does well; and he who refrains from marriage will do better.

Where does the Bible describe nuns in the early churches? History is full of women (and men) who wanted to give themselves to God, to worship him the same way Mary did, and to use her as an example.
Where does the Bible teach us that the church can identify dead people as saints and can then pray to them?

John Chapter 17
11: And now I am no more in the world, but they are in the world, and I am coming to thee. Holy Father, keep them in thy name, which thou hast given me, that they may be one, even as we are one. 12: While I was with them, I kept them in thy name, which thou hast given me; I have guarded them, and none of them is lost but the son of perdition, that the scripture might be fulfilled. 13: But now I am coming to thee; and these things I speak in the world, that they may have my joy fulfilled in themselves. 14: I have given them thy word; and the world has hated them because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world. 15: I do not pray that thou shouldst take them out of the world, but that thou shouldst keep them from the evil one. 16: They are not of the world, even as I am not of the world. 17: Sanctify them in the truth; thy word is truth. 18: As thou didst send me into the world, so I have sent them into the world. 19: And for their sake I consecrate myself, that they also may be consecrated in truth. 20: “I do not pray for these only, but also for those who believe in me through their word, 21: that they may all be one; even as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be in us, so that the world may believe that thou hast sent me.
Acts Chapter 9
1: But Saul, still breathing threats and murder against the disciples of the Lord, went to the high priest 2: and asked him for letters to the synagogues at Damascus, so that if he found any belonging to the Way, men or women, he might bring them bound to Jerusalem. 3: Now as he journeyed he approached Damascus, and suddenly a light from heaven flashed about him. 4: And he fell to the ground and heard a voice saying to him, “Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?” 5: And he said, “Who are you, Lord?” And he said, “I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting;
Romans Chapter 8
35: Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? 36: As it is written, “For thy sake we are being killed all the day long; we are regarded as sheep to be slaughtered.” 37: No, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him who loved us. 38: For I am sure that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, 39: nor height, nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Romans Chapter 12
4: For as in one body we have many members, and all the members do not have the same function, 5: so we, though many, are one body in Christ, and individually members one of another. 6: Having gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, let us use them: if prophecy, in proportion to our faith; 7: if service, in our serving; he who teaches, in his teaching; 8: he who exhorts, in his exhortation; he who contributes, in liberality; he who gives aid, with zeal; he who does acts of mercy, with cheerfulness.
1 Corinthians Chapter 10
17: Because there is one bread, we who are many are one body, for we all partake of the one bread.
1 Corinthians Chapter 12
12: For just as the body is one and has many members, and all the members of the body, though many, are one body, so it is with Christ. 13: For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body — Jews or Greeks, slaves or free — and all were made to drink of one Spirit. 14: For the body does not consist of one member but of many. 15: If the foot should say, “Because I am not a hand, I do not belong to the body,” that would not make it any less a part of the body. 16: And if the ear should say, “Because I am not an eye, I do not belong to the body,” that would not make it any less a part of the body. 17: If the whole body were an eye, where would be the hearing? If the whole body were an ear, where would be the sense of smell? 18: But as it is, God arranged the organs in the body, each one of them, as he chose. 19: If all were a single organ, where would the body be? 20: As it is, there are many parts, yet one body. 21: The eye cannot say to the hand, “I have no need of you,” nor again the head to the feet, “I have no need of you.” 22: On the contrary, the parts of the body which seem to be weaker are indispensable, 23: and those parts of the body which we think less honorable we invest with the greater honor, and our unpresentable parts are treated with greater modesty, 24: which our more presentable parts do not require. But God has so composed the body, giving the greater honor to the inferior part, 25: that there may be no discord in the body, but that the members may have the same care for one another. 26: If one member suffers, all suffer together; if one member is honored, all rejoice together. 27: Now you are the body of Christ and individually members of it.
Galatians Chapter 3
28: There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus.
Ephesians Chapter 1
22: and he has put all things under his feet and has made him the head over all things for the church, 23: which is his body, the fulness of him who fills all in all.
Ephesians Chapter 4
15: Rather, speaking the truth in love, we are to grow up in every way into him who is the head, into Christ, 16: from whom the whole body, joined and knit together by every joint with which it is supplied, when each part is working properly, makes bodily growth and upbuilds itself in love.
Colossians Chapter 1
18: He is the head of the body, the church; he is the beginning, the first-born from the dead, that in everything he might be pre-eminent.
Colossians Chapter 3
15: And let the peace of Christ rule in your hearts, to which indeed you were called in the one body. And be thankful.

Where does the Bible teach that a dead person can intercede for the living?  Here let’s just show the beginning and the end of the Bible references-there are soooo many…

Genesis Chapter 18
23: Then Abraham drew near, and said, “Wilt thou indeed destroy the righteous with the wicked? 24: Suppose there are fifty righteous within the city; wilt thou then destroy the place and not spare it for the fifty righteous who are in it? 25: Far be it from thee to do such a thing, to slay the righteous with the wicked, so that the righteous fare as the wicked! Far be that from thee! Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?” 26: And the LORD said, “If I find at Sodom fifty righteous in the city, I will spare the whole place for their sake.” 27: Abraham answered, “Behold, I have taken upon myself to speak to the Lord, I who am but dust and ashes. 28: Suppose five of the fifty righteous are lacking? Wilt thou destroy the whole city for lack of five?” And he said, “I will not destroy it if I find forty-five there.”
Genesis Chapter 48
15: And he blessed Joseph, and said, “The God before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked, the God who has led me all my life long to this day, 16: the angel who has redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and in them let my name be perpetuated, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.”
Revelation Chapter 5
8: And when he had taken the scroll, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, each holding a harp, and with golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints;
Revelation Chapter 6
9: When he opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of those who had been slain for the word of God and for the witness they had borne; 10: they cried out with a loud voice, “O Sovereign Lord, holy and true, how long before thou wilt judge and avenge our blood on those who dwell upon the earth?” 11: Then they were each given a white robe and told to rest a little longer, until the number of their fellow servants and their brethren should be complete, who were to be killed as they themselves had been. 12: When he opened the sixth seal, I looked, and behold, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth, the full moon became like blood, 13: and the stars of the sky fell to the earth as the fig tree sheds its winter fruit when shaken by a gale; 14: the sky vanished like a scroll that is rolled up, and every mountain and island was removed from its place. 15: Then the kings of the earth and the great men and the generals and the rich and the strong, and every one, slave and free, hid in the caves and among the rocks of the mountains, 16: calling to the mountains and rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the face of him who is seated on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb; 17: for the great day of their wrath has come, and who can stand before it?”
Revelation Chapter 8
3: And another angel came and stood at the altar with a golden censer; and he was given much incense to mingle with the prayers of all the saints upon the golden altar before the throne; 4: and the smoke of the incense rose with the prayers of the saints from the hand of the angel before God.

Where does the Bible teach about purgatory?

2 Samuel Chapter 12
13: David said to Nathan, “I have sinned against the LORD.” And Nathan said to David, “The LORD also has put away your sin; you shall not die. 14: Nevertheless, because by this deed you have utterly scorned the LORD, the child that is born to you shall die.”Read More
2 Maccabees Chapter 12
42: and they turned to prayer, beseeching that the sin which had been committed might be wholly blotted out. And the noble Judas exhorted the people to keep themselves free from sin, for they had seen with their own eyes what had happened because of the sin of those who had fallen. 43: He also took up a collection, man by man, to the amount of two thousand drachmas of silver, and sent it to Jerusalem to provide for a sin offering. In doing this he acted very well and honorably, taking account of the resurrection. 44: For if he were not expecting that those who had fallen would rise again, it would have been superfluous and foolish to pray for the dead. 45: But if he was looking to the splendid reward that is laid up for those who fall asleep in godliness, it was a holy and pious thought. Therefore he made atonement for the dead, that they might be delivered from their sin.Read More
Matthew Chapter 5
18: For truly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the law until all is accomplished. 19: Whoever then relaxes one of the least of these commandments and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but he who does them and teaches them shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. 20: For I tell you, unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven. 21: “You have heard that it was said to the men of old, `You shall not kill; and whoever kills shall be liable to judgment.’ 22: But I say to you that every one who is angry with his brother shall be liable to judgment; whoever insults his brother shall be liable to the council, and whoever says, `You fool!’ shall be liable to the hell of fire. 23: So if you are offering your gift at the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you, 24: leave your gift there before the altar and go; first be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift. 25: Make friends quickly with your accuser, while you are going with him to court, lest your accuser hand you over to the judge, and the judge to the guard, and you be put in prison; 26: truly, I say to you, you will never get out till you have paid the last penny. 27: “You have heard that it was said, `You shall not commit adultery.’ 28: But I say to you that every one who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 29: If your right eye causes you to sin, pluck it out and throw it away; it is better that you lose one of your members than that your whole body be thrown into hell. 30: And if your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and throw it away; it is better that you lose one of your members than that your whole body go into hell.
1 Corinthians Chapter 3
15: If any man’s work is burned up, he will suffer loss, though he himself will be saved, but only as through fire.
Ephesians Chapter 4
8: Therefore it is said, “When he ascended on high he led a host of captives, and he gave gifts to men.” 9: (In saying, “He ascended,” what does it mean but that he had also descended into the lower parts of the earth? 10: He who descended is he who also ascended far above all the heavens, that he might fill all things.)

Where does the Bible teach that churches should use the bones of dead men in any type of religious manner?

2 Kings Chapter 3
21: When all the Moabites heard that the kings had come up to fight against them, all who were able to put on armor, from the youngest to the oldest, were called out, and were drawn up at the frontier.Read More
Matthew Chapter 9
20: And behold, a woman who had suffered from a hemorrhage for twelve years came up behind him and touched the fringe of his garment;Read More
Matthew Chapter 14
35: And when the men of that place recognized him, they sent round to all that region and brought to him all that were sick, 36: and besought him that they might only touch the fringe of his garment; and as many as touched it were made well.Read More
Acts Chapter 19
11: And God did extraordinary miracles by the hands of Paul, 12: so that handkerchiefs or aprons were carried away from his body to the sick, and diseases left them and the evil spirits came out of them.

Where does the Bible teach that the churches used indulgences?

Sirach Chapter 16
11: Even if there is only one stiff-necked person, it will be a wonder if he remains unpunished. For mercy and wrath are with the Lord; he is mighty to forgive, and he pours out wrath.
2 Maccabees Chapter 12
42: and they turned to prayer, beseeching that the sin which had been committed might be wholly blotted out. And the noble Judas exhorted the people to keep themselves free from sin, for they had seen with their own eyes what had happened because of the sin of those who had fallen. 43: He also took up a collection, man by man, to the amount of two thousand drachmas of silver, and sent it to Jerusalem to provide for a sin offering. In doing this he acted very well and honorably, taking account of the resurrection. 44: For if he were not expecting that those who had fallen would rise again, it would have been superfluous and foolish to pray for the dead. 45: But if he was looking to the splendid reward that is laid up for those who fall asleep in godliness, it was a holy and pious thought. Therefore he made atonement for the dead, that they might be delivered from their sin.
Luke Chapter 7
44: Then turning toward the woman he said to Simon, “Do you see this woman? I entered your house, you gave me no water for my feet, but she has wet my feet with her tears and wiped them with her hair. 45: You gave me no kiss, but from the time I came in she has not ceased to kiss my feet. 46: You did not anoint my head with oil, but she has anointed my feet with ointment. 47: Therefore I tell you, her sins, which are many, are forgiven, for she loved much; but he who is forgiven little, loves little.” 48: And he said to her, “Your sins are forgiven.” 49: Then those who were at table with him began to say among themselves, “Who is this, who even forgives sins?” 50: And he said to the woman, “Your faith has saved you; go in peace.”

Where in the Bible do we find Christians taking the Lord’s supper by partaking of the bread alone without the wine or grape juice?  First, we do not use grape juice.  We use wine.  Secondly, this came from times when it was unsanitary for people to drink after one another.  It was a matter of public health.  But we believe that we receive the body and blood of Jesus in either form-He is present in both, so if you eat his body, you receive him all, and if you drink his blood, you receive him all. This is true also, because some people are allergic to wheat and some people are allergic to wine.  So those people who only receive one form receive the whole form.
Where in the Bible does Paul or any of the early church leaders teach that there are seven sacraments? However many sacraments Jesus instituted, that’s how many there are.  Jesus instituted baptism, confirmation, reconciliation, anointing of the sick, holy orders, and matrimony and the Eucharist.

Where in the Bible do we find the churches practicing any sort of extreme unction or last rites as a sacrament?

The apostolic Church has its own rite for the sick, attested to by St. James: “Is any among you sick? Let him call for the elders [presbyters] of the Church and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord; and the prayer of faith will save the sick man, and the Lord will raise him up; and if he has committed sins, he will be forgiven.”

Where in the Bible do we find the prayer of the rosary?  The prayers of the Rosary are, for the most part, biblical.  The Lord’s Prayer, and the Hail Mary are biblical, the Apostle’s Creed is a formula.  The Doxology is biblical.  The events commemorated by the Rosary are almost all biblical and those that aren’t are inferred from Bible passages.
Where in the Bible do we find that New Testament churches are to conduct elaborate rituals and ceremonies after the fashion of Rome?  I don’t know what this question is really asking.  But there are no restrictions on how elaborate or simple Mass should be.  See here for essential elements.
Where in the Bible do we find that the headquarters for the church is to be in Rome?

What is an ndulgence? An indulgence is partial or plenary according as it removes either part or all of the temporal punishment due to sin.”  The faithful can gain indulgences for themselves or apply them to the dead.  To understand this doctrine and practice of the Church, it is necessary to understand that sin has a double consequence. Grave sin deprives us of communion with God and therefore makes us incapable of eternal life, the privation of which is called the “eternal punishment” of sin. On the other hand every sin, even venial, entails an unhealthy attachment to creatures, which must be purified either here on earth, or after death in the state called Purgatory. This purification frees one from what is called the “temporal punishment” of sin. These two punishments must not be conceived of as a kind of vengeance inflicted by God from without, but as following from the very nature of sin. A conversion which proceeds from a fervent charity can attain the complete purification of the sinner in such a way that no punishment would remain.

The forgiveness of sin and restoration of communion with God entail the remission of the eternal punishment of sin, but temporal punishment of sin remains. While patiently bearing sufferings and trials of all kinds and, when the day comes, serenely facing death, the Christian must strive to accept this temporal punishment of sin as a grace. He should strive by works of mercy and charity, as well as by prayer and the various practices of penance, to put off completely the “old man” and to put on the “new man.”

2 Maccabees Chapter 12
42: and they turned to prayer, beseeching that the sin which had been committed might be wholly blotted out. And the noble Judas exhorted the people to keep themselves free from sin, for they had seen with their own eyes what had happened because of the sin of those who had fallen. 43: He also took up a collection, man by man, to the amount of two thousand drachmas of silver, and sent it to Jerusalem to provide for a sin offering. In doing this he acted very well and honorably, taking account of the resurrection. 44: For if he were not expecting that those who had fallen would rise again, it would have been superfluous and foolish to pray for the dead. 45: But if he was looking to the splendid reward that is laid up for those who fall asleep in godliness, it was a holy and pious thought. Therefore he made atonement for the dead, that they might be delivered from their sin.
Matthew Chapter 16
19: I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.”
Luke Chapter 7
44: Then turning toward the woman he said to Simon, “Do you see this woman? I entered your house, you gave me no water for my feet, but she has wet my feet with her tears and wiped them with her hair. 45: You gave me no kiss, but from the time I came in she has not ceased to kiss my feet. 46: You did not anoint my head with oil, but she has anointed my feet with ointment. 47: Therefore I tell you, her sins, which are many, are forgiven, for she loved much; but he who is forgiven little, loves little.” 48: And he said to her, “Your sins are forgiven.” 49: Then those who were at table with him began to say among themselves, “Who is this, who even forgives sins?” 50: And he said to the woman, “Your faith has saved you; go in peace.”

Purgatory is closely related to the true understanding of indulgences.  We know that nothing impure can enter into the presence of God. To understand this doctrine and practice of the Church, it is necessary to understand that sin has a double consequence. Grave sin deprives us of communion with God and therefore makes us incapable of eternal life, the privation of which is called the “eternal punishment” of sin. On the other hand every sin, even venial, entails an unhealthy attachment to creatures, which must be purified either here on earth, or after death in the state called Purgatory. This purification frees one from what is called the “temporal punishment” of sin. These two punishments must not be conceived of as a kind of vengeance inflicted by God from without, but as following from the very nature of sin. A conversion which proceeds from a fervent charity can attain the complete purification of the sinner in such a way that no punishment would remain.

2 Maccabees Chapter 12
42: and they turned to prayer, beseeching that the sin which had been committed might be wholly blotted out. And the noble Judas exhorted the people to keep themselves free from sin, for they had seen with their own eyes what had happened because of the sin of those who had fallen. 43: He also took up a collection, man by man, to the amount of two thousand drachmas of silver, and sent it to Jerusalem to provide for a sin offering. In doing this he acted very well and honorably, taking account of the resurrection. 44: For if he were not expecting that those who had fallen would rise again, it would have been superfluous and foolish to pray for the dead. 45: But if he was looking to the splendid reward that is laid up for those who fall asleep in godliness, it was a holy and pious thought. Therefore he made atonement for the dead, that they might be delivered from their sin.

1 Corinthians Chapter 3
15: If any man’s work is burned up, he will suffer loss, though he himself will be saved, but only as through fire.
Revelation Chapter 7
13: Then one of the elders addressed me, saying, “Who are these, clothed in white robes, and whence have they come?” 14: I said to him, “Sir, you know.” And he said to me, “These are they who have come out of the great tribulation; they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.

Transubstantiation

John Chapter 6
22: On the next day the people who remained on the other side of the sea saw that there had been only one boat there, and that Jesus had not entered the boat with his disciples, but that his disciples had gone away alone. 23: However, boats from Tiber’i-as came near the place where they ate the bread after the Lord had given thanks. 24: So when the people saw that Jesus was not there, nor his disciples, they themselves got into the boats and went to Caper’na-um, seeking Jesus. 25: When they found him on the other side of the sea, they said to him, “Rabbi, when did you come here?” 26: Jesus answered them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, you seek me, not because you saw signs, but because you ate your fill of the loaves. 27: Do not labor for the food which perishes, but for the food which endures to eternal life, which the Son of man will give to you; for on him has God the Father set his seal.” 28: Then they said to him, “What must we do, to be doing the works of God?” 29: Jesus answered them, “This is the work of God, that you believe in him whom he has sent.” 30: So they said to him, “Then what sign do you do, that we may see, and believe you? What work do you perform? 31: Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness; as it is written, `He gave them bread from heaven to eat.'” 32: Jesus then said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, it was not Moses who gave you the bread from heaven; my Father gives you the true bread from heaven. 33: For the bread of God is that which comes down from heaven, and gives life to the world.” 34: They said to him, “Lord, give us this bread always.” 35: Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life; he who comes to me shall not hunger, and he who believes in me shall never thirst. 36: But I said to you that you have seen me and yet do not believe. 37: All that the Father gives me will come to me; and him who comes to me I will not cast out. 38: For I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him who sent me; 39: and this is the will of him who sent me, that I should lose nothing of all that he has given me, but raise it up at the last day. 40: For this is the will of my Father, that every one who sees the Son and believes in him should have eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day.” 41: The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, “I am the bread which came down from heaven.” 42: They said, “Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How does he now say, `I have come down from heaven’?” 43: Jesus answered them, “Do not murmur among yourselves. 44: No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him; and I will raise him up at the last day. 45: It is written in the prophets, `And they shall all be taught by God.’ Every one who has heard and learned from the Father comes to me. 46: Not that any one has seen the Father except him who is from God; he has seen the Father. 47: Truly, truly, I say to you, he who believes has eternal life. 48: I am the bread of life. 49: Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, and they died. 50: This is the bread which comes down from heaven, that a man may eat of it and not die. 51: I am the living bread which came down from heaven; if any one eats of this bread, he will live for ever; and the bread which I shall give for the life of the world is my flesh.” 52: The Jews then disputed among themselves, saying, “How can this man give us his flesh to eat?” 53: So Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of man and drink his blood, you have no life in you; 54: he who eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day. 55: For my flesh is food indeed, and my blood is drink indeed. 56: He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood abides in me, and I in him. 57: As the living Father sent me, and I live because of the Father, so he who eats me will live because of me. 58: This is the bread which came down from heaven, not such as the fathers ate and died; he who eats this bread will live for ever.” 59: This he said in the synagogue, as he taught at Caper’na-um. 60: Many of his disciples, when they heard it, said, “This is a hard saying; who can listen to it?” 61: But Jesus, knowing in himself that his disciples murmured at it, said to them, “Do you take offense at this? 62: Then what if you were to see the Son of man ascending where he was before? 63: It is the spirit that gives life, the flesh is of no avail; the words that I have spoken to you are spirit and life. 64: But there are some of you that do not believe.” For Jesus knew from the first who those were that did not believe, and who it was that would betray him. 65: And he said, “This is why I told you that no one can come to me unless it is granted him by the Father.” 66: After this many of his disciples drew back and no longer went about with him. 67: Jesus said to the twelve, “Do you also wish to go away?” 68: Simon Peter answered him, “Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life; 69: and we have believed, and have come to know, that you are the Holy One of God.” 70: Jesus answered them, “Did I not choose you, the twelve, and one of you is a devil?” 71: He spoke of Judas the son of Simon Iscariot, for he, one of the twelve, was to betray him.

Immaculate conception

papal supremacy, papal infallibility,

perpetual virginity of Mary,

Mary as co-mediatrix/co-redemptrix,

tradition equal to scripture,

works oriented salvation,

priestly confessions,

repetitive prayers through the rosary,

prayer for the dead,

removing the 2nd commandment from the Decalogue,

the assumption of Mary

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